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From Route 75 to the Naval Air Station at North Island in Coronado.
In 1967, Chapter 1483 defined Route 282 as “Route 75 to the Naval Air Station at North Island in Coronado via Fourth Street. This section shall not become operative until the portion of Route 75 from Orange Avenue in Coronado to Route 5 in San Diego via the San Diego-Coronado Toll Bridge is completed and open for traffic.”
In 1968, Chapter 1139 added a segment from Route 75: “(a) The
San Diego-Coronado Ferry to Fourth Street via Orange Avenue. The portion
of this route described in subdivision (a) shall cease to be a state
highway when the San Diego-Coronado Toll Bridge and approaches are
completed and open for traffic. (b) Orange Avenue
to the Naval Air Station at North Island in Coronado.”
In 1972, Chapter 1216 deleted segment (a), returning the definition to “Orange Avenue to the Naval Air Station at North Island in Coronado.” This runs along the 3rd and 4th street couplet.
In 1976, Chapter 1354 changed "Orange Avenue" to "Route 75"
In August 2020, the CTC approved the financial contribution to cover the relinquishment of Route 282.
Note: This is one of five routes in California with "backward" postmiles: Most routes have postmiles that run West to East; this route has postmiles that run West from Route 75 to the NAS.
The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route:
Coronado Relinquishment (PM 0.0R/0.691R)
In March 2015, it was reported that the Third and
Fourth Street Planning Community (TAF) recieved a report that Caltrans was
preparing a feasibility report to assess the potential to relinquish Route 282 to the city of Coronado. This was because Route 282 is the portion of
Third and Fourth Streets that runs from Orange Avenue to Naval Air Station
North Island (NASNI), including the portion of Alameda Avenue between
Third and Fourth Streets (also known as the Avenue of Heroes neighborhood
loop). The process of "relinquishment is the removal of a State highway,
either in whole or in part from the State Highway System (SHS)," and a
contractual turning it over to another jurisdiction—in the case of
Route 282 this would be the city of Coronado. Currently, all of Third and
Fourth Streets are part of the National Highway System, and are under the
jurisdiction of Caltrans, District 11. While Third and Fourth Streets are
not under the jurisdiction of the city of Coronado, there are areas where
both jurisdictions intersect, like cross streets and sidewalks, light
posts, and signage. The intersecting jurisdictions has led to neglect of
the entire Third and Fourth Streets corridor. This sustained neglect is
rooted in a lack of a designated pipeline for reporting maintenance issues
to Caltrans. The city assumed Caltrans was monitoring the roadway for
maintenance issues. Caltrans assumed the city works would notify them of
maintenance issues. When TAF residents began policing the roadway in early
2014, both the city of Coronado and Caltrans stepped up to investigate
and/or resolve challenges to transportation, maintenance, and roadway
safety. For relinquishment to be considered it must first be deemed
appropriate, meaning that Caltrans must first determine whether the
relinquishment makes sense from a transportation system perspective. A
significant factor is that Route 282 is a military installation route; an
additional factor is whether or not the highway in question serves
"regional or statewide transportation needs." Relinquishment could result
in an increase in highway speeds on the route. However, it could result in
the loss of the prohibition of trucks over 65'. Even though this
designation was hidden from recent resolutions and has not been enforced,
this was an opportunity to quiet the traffic and prevent truck groundings
at NASNI entry.
(Source: eCoronado.com 3/21/2015)
In February 2019, there was an update on the
relinquishment question. The broad brush details include Caltrans, the
State of California’s Transportation Agency would pay the city
$16.95 million to repair Route 282 or Third and Fourth Streets west of
Orange Avenue; Route 75 from the Toll Plaza to Tulagi Road; and Route 75
from Tulagi Road to the southern City Limit with Imperial Beach, to
adequate levels. The city of Coronado would then take over all operations
of highways. The deal would be in perpetuity, the highways could not be
returned to State control and turning the highways over to Coronado would
require legislative action at the state level. There’s a lot more to
Relinquishment than that. There is past history which could charitably be
described as ‘fractious,’ and there is a very real fear of the
unknown. The financial risk cannot be quantified at this time, and
information gathering is just now underway. Early discussions on
Relinquishment have found Councilmembers Bill Sandke and Mike Donovan on
opposite ends of the thought spectrum on the issue, at least during
council discussions on the topic.
(Source: Coronado Eagle and Journal, 2/22/2019)
In September 2019, it was reported that the topic of
relinquishment was discussed at the September 2019 Coronado Council
meeting. This relates to negotiations for Coronado to acquire control and
operation of Route 75 and Route 282. Approved was an item that would
authorize City Manager Blair King to engage in negotiations with Caltrans
for the 9.79 miles of roadway in question: specifically, Route 75 from
Tulagi Road to the Southern City limits; Route 75 from Glorietta Boulevard
to Tulagi Road; and the full portion of Route 282 including Third, Fourth,
and Alameda between Third and Fourth Streets. The staff recommendation was
to pursue the relinquishment of all three segments of roadway. State
Senator Toni Atkins (D-39th District) has agreed to facilitate the
transaction, which ultimately requires legislative action, with the bill
signed by Governor Gavin Newsom. The big turnaround for this council from
the stance taken by their predecessors, was the fact that the now-public
Caltrans operational numbers reflect the transaction to be cost positive
for the City of Coronado. During a presentation to the Council by City
Director of Public Services and Engineering Cliff Maurer, it was revealed
that Caltrans receives an annual financial allotment through the State
Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) of $900,000, of which a total of
between $250,000 and $280,000 is actually spent in Coronado, with the
balance of the funding directed to other areas within Caltrans. Upping the
maintenance level to Coronado standards, essentially doubling the existing
Caltrans expenditures, would still leave a projected balance Coronado
could place into a sinking fund for future road maintenance. The other
major financial component that may make this transaction financially
feasible, is a potentially large lump-sum payment from Caltrans to the
City of Coronado to bring the 9.79 miles of roadway to an acceptable
condition. The first dollar figure run up the proverbial flagpole by
Caltrans was for $16.95 million with a projected payout in 2020-21.
Coronado’s consultants from Rick Engineering Company put the number
for a 2022 payout at $24 million. Another issue Coronado would include in
the transaction is that Caltrans would commit to providing catastrophic
damage response capabilities, within the limitations of their available
resources. The downside for Coronado is the city would now own 9.79 miles
of roadway and a bridge near the Cays, with all of the related operations
and maintenance expenses, forever. There are also insurance ramifications,
as Coronado is part of a Joint Powers Agreement called the CSAC Excess
Insurance Authority, which is a risk-sharing pool that proactively helps
control losses and prepare for different exposures. Through that entity,
the city is self-insured for a $250,000 deductible per incident, with
coverage up to $50 million. The key factor is the amount of the lump sum
payment. Coronado believes that thenumber (from Caltrans) is low. There is
a fair amount of time between the completion of an agreement and when
Coronado gets the road. In that time, the value of money is changing, and
the city needs to negotiate an appropriate amount of money to get the road
into good shape.
(Source: Coronado Eagle and Journal, 9/12/2019)
In June 2020, it was reported that during the City
Council meeting of June 16, 2020, the Coronado City Council approved by a
5-0 vote, acceptance of the $22 million financial package from Caltrans to
take over the operation of Route 75 and Route 282 in the city. Along with
an internal transfer of $9.3 million from the Fiscal Year 2020-21 budget,
the resulting $31.3 million fund, with interest, is projected to cover the
annual maintenance for the two state routes that run through Coronado. The
opening bid from Caltrans to bring the two state routes into good repair
was $16.95 million. Specifically, the descriptions of the state routes
that will be taken over by the City of Coronado include:
(Source: Coronado Eagle and Journal, 6/25/2020)
The San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge is not included in
Relinquishment and will continue to be owned and operated by Caltrans.
Relinquishment of Route 75 and Route 282, once completed, means the
highways are owned by the City of Coronado in perpetuity. The City also
assumes all liability for the highways.
(Source: Coronado Eagle and Journal, 6/25/2020)
In August 2020, the CTC approved the following addition
to the SHOPP, which addressed the financial contribution for the
relinquishment: 11-SD-75 PM 11.2/R20.1 PPNO 1304 ProjID 1118000008 EA
43021. Route 75 In Coronado, from 0.2 mile north of Rainbow Drive to
Glorietta Boulevard; also the entirety of Route 282 (PM 0.0R/0.691R).
Financial Contribution Only (FCO) to City of Coronado to relinquish
roadway. PA&ED $160K Const Sup $22,000K TOTAL $22,160K. PA&ED
12/15/2020 Begin Const 9/6/2021.
(Source: August 2020 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.1a.(2a) #12)
Related to the above, in August 2020 the CTC approved
the following financial allocation: $160,000 for PA&ED 11-SD-75
11.2/R20.1 PPNO 1304 ProjID 1118000008 EA43021 Route 75 In Coronado, from
0.2 mile north of Rainbow Drive to Glorietta Boulevard; also the entirety
of Route 282 (PM 0.0R/0.691R). Financial Contribution Only (FCO) to City
of Coronado to relinquish roadway.
(Source: August 2020 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.5b.(2a) #36)
In February 2021, it was reported that there was a
hiccup in the relinquishment. SB 479 was introduced in the 2020
legislative session as the vehicle for Relinquishment to pass through the
legislature. The bill passed through committees in the State Assembly and
Senate and was sent up for a vote. Then a filibuster happened. This delay
resulted in a whole group of bills not making it through before the recess
of the legislative session at the end of the year. It was expected that
when the new legislature began in 2021, the bill would quickly proceed.
Unexpectedly, during that gap in time, the Navy raised new concerns and
demanded that additional language be included in the legislation. The city
was informed only after the fact when additional language had been
introduced. The specifics of the language requested was not released, but
the jist is that the Navy has demanded that any action taken (from road
improvements to special events) receive concurrence (approval) from Naval
Base Coronado. The city finds this untenable; in an effort to salvage the
agreement already made with state entities, the city proposed the Navy and
City agree on a side agreement that would attach to the bill. Specific
language was already included the bill to “provide continuous and
uninhibited defense access, continuity, and emergency capabilities for the
movement of military personnel, material, and equipment in both peacetime
and wartime... that the city shall not limit the type, weight, or
dimensions of vehicles needed for defense purposes that may use the
relinquished portion of Route 75 or Route 282.” The city continues
to work on an agreement.
(Source: Coronado Eagle and Journal, 2/15/2021)
In December 2022, the CTC amended the SHOPP related to
this project as follows:
11-SD-75 PM 11.2/R20.1 PPNO 1304 ProjID
1118000008 EA 43021. Route 75 In Coronado, from 0.2 mile north of
Rainbow Drive to Glorietta Boulevard; also the entirety of Route 282 (PM
0.0R/0.691R). Financial Contribution Only (FCO) to City of Coronado to
relinquish roadway. PA&ED $160K Const Sup $22,000K TOTAL $22,160K.
PA&ED 12/15/2020 Begin Const 9/6/2021. Note: Delete project.
The City of Coronado and US Navy did not reach an agreement on the
transfer and the relinquishment was not included in legislation.
(Source: December 2022 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.1a.(1d) #30)
Route 282 from Orange Avenue in the City of Coronado to Naval Air Station North Island was designated a ★ Blue Star Memorial Highway by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 163, Res. Chapter 124, Statutes of 2016, on August 16, 2016. Members of the Avenue of Heroes Neighborhood Association from the City of Coronado, California wished to erect markers along Route 282 from Orange Avenue in the City of Coronado to Naval Air Station North Island to honor all of the military branches that formed today’s North Island and our current service members who are still making sacrifices for our country. The association presented this proposal to the National Council of State Garden Clubs. From international explorers to the First Aero Squadron and from the Spanish-American War to the War on Terror, North Island has been a strategic military post and home to all branches of the United States Armed Forces. North Island served as a base for the beginnings of Army and naval flight, was modernized by the United States Marine Corps, and was an incubator for the United States Coast Guard, Signal Corps, and Air Force. The City of Coronado has the reputation as a “Navy Town,” unchanging in its beautiful Victorian architecture. It has become home to all branches of the armed services and has included many illustrious and famous military retirees. The designation of Route 282 as a Blue Star Memorial Highway is intended to be in conjunction with the City of Coronado’s Avenue of Heroes Banner Program to honor such heroes as Navy Seal Petty Officer First Class Jeffrey S. Taylor, who was killed in action on June 28, 2005, when the MH-47 helicopter he was aboard on a rescue mission crashed in Kunar Province, Afghanistan; the late Lt. Gen. James Harold “Jimmy” Doolittle, a Medal of Honor recipient, who led 16 American Mitchell B-25 bombers on April 18, 1942, from the deck of the aircraft carrier USS Hornet on a raid to bomb the Japanese mainland during World War II and who later commanded the powerful Eighth Air Force in Europe and the Pacific from January 1944 to September 1945; the late Vice Adm. James Bond Stockdale, Medal of Honor recipient, Vietnam War hero, and indomitable spirit of the Hanoi Hilton, who was shot down by antiaircraft fire after flying his A-4 Skyhawk off the deck of the aircraft carrier USS Oriskany on his last mission and was imprisoned in the Hanoi Hilton by the North Vietnamese; the late United States Navy Commander Francis Fane, who joined the Navy’s underwater demolitions team during World War II, becoming a legend in Navy special forces, developing advanced diving equipment and diving techniques, and laying much of the groundwork for the future Navy Seals; Navy Commander Dean “Diz” Laird, who became the only known U.S. Navy ace to shoot down both German and Japanese airplanes during World War II; Navy Commander Theodore “Spuds” Ellyson, who, while stationed at North Island, the first naval officer assigned to aviation duty, the first passenger of a seaplane, the first pilot to land on water at night, and was the first and only commander of North Island’s Camp Trouble; Maj. Gen. Joseph H. Pendleton of the United States Marine Corps, whose foresight, persuasive skills, and focused tenacity made the San Diego area the military center it is today; and, among many more heroes to be honored, Navy Capt. Leonard “Len” Kaine, who became a Top Gun fighter pilot and who was twice nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. The Blue Star Memorial Highway will honor more than 34 past and present members of the Armed Forces along Route 282’s Avenue of Heroes in the City of Coronado and the list will continue to grow as more banners are added and heroes are recognized.
Overall statistics for Route 282:
In 1959, Chapter 1062 defined LRN 282 as:
In 1963, Chapter 1698 shortened the name of Brown Field, but this was overtaken by Chapter 385 and the "great renumbering".
Acronyms and Explanations:
Route 281 Route 283
© 1996-2020 Daniel P. Faigin.
Maintained by: Daniel P. Faigin <email@example.com>.