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State Route 29

Click here for a key to the symbols used. An explanation of acronyms may be found at the bottom of the page.


Routing Routing

Rte 29From Route 80 near Vallejo to Route 20 near Upper Lake via the vicinity of Napa, via Calistoga, via Lower Lake, passing south of Kelseyville and via Lakeport.

Post 1964 Signage History Post 1964 Signage History

In 1963, Route 29 was defined as “from Route 80 near the Carquinez Bridge to Route 20 near Upper Lake via the vicinity of Napa, via Calistoga, via Lower Lake, passing south of Kelseyville and via Lakeport.” In 1965, Chapter 1371 reworded the origin of the route to be "near Vallejo" instead of the Carquinez Bridge.

Tom Fearer notes that in the 1964 renumbering, Route 29 didn't have a change of terminus points.  However, Route 29 did have a major realignment south of Clear Lake onto what had been LRN 243 and Route 53/LRN 49 between Lower Lake south to Middletown.  What had been previously Route 29 through Cobb was assigned to Route 175
(Source: Gribblenation Blog (Tom Fearer): California State Rotue 29 (sic))

A 1975 state highway map appears to show an adopted routing from just S of the Route 37/I-80 intersection to Route 29 near American Canyon Road.

In the 1980s, the Napa River Bridge and the new freeway bypassed the segment of Route 29 near Napa from Route 29 near Soscol Road to Route 121 at Imola Avenue. The bypassed segments were transferred to Route 121 and Route 221, changing their definitions (Chapter 409, 1984), but no change was necessary in Route 29's definition.

Route 29 between Lakeport and Kelseyville was given an adopted freeway routing, which is now an expressway. The old route is now Soda Bay Road (Route 281), Big Valley Road to Kelsey Creek, Finley Road south to the Kelseyville city limit, and Main Street back to Route 29.

Pre 1964 Signage History Pre 1964 Signage History

US Highway Shield In 1909, the first bond act funded LRN 8, which included the portion of eventual Route 29 from 4 mi S of Napa (the present Route 12/Route 29 junction) to Napa (present-day Route 121). The future Route 29 was extended again in 1931, when the routing from LRN 8 (now Route 12) near Cordelia (which is 4 mi S of Napa) via American Canyon to LRN 14 (US 40, now I-80) was added to the state highway system. This later portion became part of LRN 74. The situation in 1931 was that traffic between the Sacramento Valley and the bay cities could not find the direct and most advantageous passage from LRN 8 to LRN 14 over connected state highways. LRN 7 (roughly today's I-580) was available via the Martinez Ferry, but a better road and bridge facility implied almost exclusive use of a county highway from the Napa Wye to the Carquinez Straits. It was felt that a state route should be established to service the through traffic which was forced onto county roads. The route proposed for LRN 74 was a favorable route from Cordelia south to LRN 14 by way of American Canyon. This route was 5 miles shorter than the route using the Napa Wye and 9 miles shorter than the routing through Martinez. The new route avoided the disadvantageous passage over steep intersecting streets in Vallejo. It was considered appropriate to add it to the state highway system as it would serve a very large volume of state traffic now carried over a county highway.

In 1931, the portion between Route 12 and I-80 was at one time signed as (temp) US 40. In 1934, Route 29 was signed along this route from Vallejo to Upper Lake, via Calistoga and Lakeport. The portion between I-80 near Vallejo to Curtola Parkway in Vallejo was defined in 1937, the remainder to 4 mi S of Napa in 1931.

A 1935 Goshua Highway Map of California shows Route 29 aligned through Cobb on what would be present day Route 175.  Within Napa, Route 29 was aligned through downtown and followed present day Route 221 towards Vallejo. Within the City of Napa, Route 29 southbound originally utilized Trancas Street, Jefferson Street, 3rd Street, and Soscol Avenue.  Route 29 was moved to a bypass of downtown Napa via the alignment of the modern freeway circa 1950.
(Source: Gribblenation Blog (Tom Fearer): California State Rotue 29 (sic))

From 4 mi S of Napa (present-day Route 12) to Napa (present-day Route 121), Route 29 was LRN 8. Portions of this were cosigned with Route 12; the cosigned portion is now present-day Route 221 (signed as Route 121). The small portion between Route 221 and Route 121 in Napa was not part of the highway system until 1984 when the Napa River Bridge and a freeway bypass were constructed.

Between Route 121 in Napa and Middletown, near Lower Lake, Route 29 was LRN 49. The portion between Napa and Calistoga was defined in 1993, from Calistoga to Middletown was defined in 1919. Before 1964, Route 29 ran from Middletown to Lower Lake through Whispering Pine and Cobb (present-day Route 175); this was LRN 89, defined in 1933. It rejoined the present-day Route 29 5 mi SE of Kelseyville.

The present-day Route 29 runs along what was Route 53 (LRN 49, defined in 1919) between Middletown and Lower Lake. The route continued as Route 29 (but was LRN 243, defined in 1959) between Lower Lake and the present-day Route 175 5 mi SE of Kelseyville. The Route 53 segment was renumbered as Route 29 in 1964.

It then ran, signed as Route 29 but LRN 89, along the lower edge of Clear Lake to 3 mi NW of Kelseyville, and then on to Route 20. This segment was defined in 1933.

Status Status

Vallejo to Yountville, through the City of Napa

On the north end of Vallejo, Route 29 meets Route 37 (04-SOL-29, PM 4.869), which is a stub freeway from I-80 east to this intersection. Caltrans is building a freeway interchange here, where Route 37 will fly over Route 29.

In May 2011, the Napa County Board of Supervisors requested that Caltrans perform a corridor study on Route 29 between Route 37 in Vallejo and Napa Junction Road north of American Canyon (~ SOL 5.034 to NAP R2.053). The study would look for both long- and short-term solutions to the traffic problems on Route 29, a main thoroughfare clogged with morning and evening rush-hour traffic.

Broadway District Specific Plan (~ NAP 0.039 to NAP NAP R2.768)

Broadway District Specific Plan Rte 29In July 2020, it was reported that American Canyon will seek more public opinion before finalizing the plan for Route 29. American Canyon last year passed the Broadway District Specific Plan – much of Route 29 within the city is known as Broadway. A hodgepodge of new development, old development and vacant lots is to be transformed into a coherent, pedestrian-and-cyclist-friendly whole. The Specific Plan study area contains approximately 345 acres located on both sides of Broadway extending 2.38 miles north from the County line to Green Island Road.  The Broadway District Specific Plan calls for 1,200 new apartments, townhouses and other residential units and 840,000 square feet of new commercial space on 292 acres scattered along the highway. It calls for persuading Caltrans to impose a 35 mph speed limit and adding such features as landscaped medians. Since the plan passed, however, two things have happened. One is the lawsuit settlement with Davis-based California Clean Energy Committee, which had alleged American Canyon’s plan underestimated the magnitude of future traffic congestion. The second is the creation of the Napa Valley Transportation Authority’s latest south county Route 29 plan. The lawsuit settlement requires American Canyon to adopt various Route 29 plan provisions as its own. Various lawsuit settlement requirements seek to give buses an advantage in navigating congestion. The stated goal is to convince more people to get out of their cars and ride the bus. Having buses use the shoulders at times during rush hour is one idea. The proposed Broadway plan amendment acknowledges this could pose a conflict with bicyclists. One notable proposed change is to remove from the Broadway District Specific Plan the idea of expanding Route 29 from four to six lanes through American Canyon. Even that change wouldn’t necessarily take a highway widening off the table forever, as the highway right-of-way is wide enough to accommodate the extra travel lane, so widening may be possible in the future.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 7/6/2020); Image source: Broadway District Specific Plan)

Highway 29 Gateway Corridor Improvement / American Canyon (~ NAP 0.685 to NAP 10.333)

In August 2011, it was reported that the CTC awarded $300,000 to the county’s transportation planners to study the Route 29, focussing on Route 29's southern segment from American Canyon (NAP 0.685) to the city of Napa (approx NAP 10.333). In 2010, the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) and the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) awarded the American Canyon $540,000 for planning development along the Route 29 corridor.

In March 2013, it was reported that the first results from the first “visioning” phase of a Caltrans-funded Highway 29 Gateway Corridor Improvement Plan study were released. The study focuses on a 13-mile stretch of the state-owned road from the Solano County line north to Trancas Street in Napa (NAP 13.051), an often congested thoroughfare during morning and evening rush hours. The report recommended a multi-faceted road into the renowned Napa Valley that encourages walking, bicycling and public transit while providing access for local residences and businesses and smooth, uncongested traffic-flow for commuters. The goal of the study is to come to a consensus on ways to improve mobility and decrease congestion, while remaining sensitive to adjacent land uses and following the state’s “complete streets” guidelines.

In March 2017, it was reported that Napa County transportation leaders are weighing whether adding Route 29 lanes in the south county is a congestion-easing solution or an expensive way of running in place. The NVTA in 2014 approved a $349 million vision for Route 29 in American Canyon and Napa. Among other things, this plan calls for someday widening the highway through American Canyon to the Route 12/Jameson Canyon entrance from four lanes to six lanes, if the money can be found. NVTA Executive Director Kate Miller broached the topic of rethinking that vision and sticking with today’s four lanes, two going each direction. The lane-widening portion of the Route 29 plan could cost more than $80 million, not counting right-of-way purchases. Miller said the Metropolitan Transportation Commission has restrictions on funding road expansions. Plus, a new state environmental law requires taking a look at how road expansion projects would increase vehicle miles traveled. With all of these factors, she doesn’t foresee federal and state money flowing to Napa County for the widening project. Miller also talked about self-driving vehicles that can communicate with each other easing traffic congestion. These vehicles will virtually eliminate the 25 percent of delays caused by accidents and braking/acceleration decisions, she said. They will increase opportunities for sharing vehicles. Another project in the 2014 Route 29 plan is to build an interchange at the signalized, Route 12 entrance to Jameson Canyon leading to Fairfield. But Miller said the $80 million design proposed by the state Department of Transportation would only marginally ease the bad congestion at this chokepoint. Transportation leaders need to rethink this project, she said. The signal at Route 29 and Route 221 intersection is another chokepoint. The NVTA for years has planned to build a $50 million flyover there, with environmental studies well underway. A new, and possibly cheaper, version of the project calls for ditching the flyover. Instead, Route 29 would cross over Route 221/Soscol Ferry Road. Two roundabouts, one on each side of the overpass, would route Route 221 and Soscol Ferry Road vehicles to their desired destinations. The northernmost Route 29 chokepoint addressed in the 2014 vision is the signalized, three-way Route 121 intersection, where Route 121 goes west to Sonoma County. The NVTA has a $500,000 reconfiguration plan that would leave traffic in Route 29 northbound lanes always flowing.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 3/16/2017)

In June 2017, it was reported that — for the second — a construction project in American Canyon has encountered delays or higher costs because contractors were too busy with other work to bid. In early June 2017, Public Works Director Jason Holley asked the City Council for permission to reject bids for a project expanding the eastern portion of the Route 29 and Napa Junction Road intersection. Holley’s reason for the request: only one company submitted a bid. Ghilotti Brothers, Inc. said they could do the work — adding turn lanes and widening curbs — for $1.43 million. The Public Works Department felt the estimate was a little high, citing an engineer’s calculation that pegged the construction cost at $1.12 million.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 6/4/2017)

Rte 29 American CynIn October 2018, there was an update on American Canyon. Relief will not be immediate, according to a panel on the congestion, and near-term answers will be modest, such as installing new technology to adjust traffic signals at highway intersections during peak commutes. Longer term and bigger projects — like extending Newell Drive and Devlin Road — will take years to bring about and require more development in American Canyon in order to help pay for these multi-million-dollar efforts. The objective is to create “capacity and flexibility” as part of a new network of roads, including those paralleling Route 29. Two segments must be built — one by the city and the other by Napa County, totaling $14 million in costs — to make Devlin an alternative route west of the highway for cars and particularly commercial trucks to utilize. A fully connected Devlin could be available within three years, giving motorists another way of traveling between American Canyon and Napa. Another parallel road east of Route 29 is also planned with the northward extension of Newell Drive so it will connect either with the highway or South Kelly Road. However, that segment will take money and years before it is fully built out. The city alone can’t afford to build the extension and is relying on developers to pay large portions of the cost. The developers behind Watson Ranch have agreed to extend Newell to the northern boundary of the project. But more construction will still be necessary to connect Newell to the highway or South Kelly Road. Another developer, currently unnamed, has agreed to help pay for the final extension as part of new development being discussed for northeastern American Canyon. Once Newell and Devlin are fully completed, motorists will have two ways to bypass the highway through American Canyon, which should reduce traffic congestion. The city also wants Route 29 through most of town expanded to six lanes. But that costly project is largely up to Caltrans because it controls the highway. Caltrans, for its part, is working with the city to install new equipment that will allow the agency to monitor traffic on the highway and adjust the timing of traffic signals when things get clogged in American Canyon.
(Source: American Canyon Eagle, 10/17/2018)

In December 2018, the CTC was presented with an information item regarding the Devlin Road extension, where the Napa Valley Transportation Authority (NVTA) and the City of American Canyon, in concurrence with Metropolitan Transportation Commission, proposed to amend the STIP to program an AB 3090 cash reimbursement project (PPNO 2130S) to use local funds for the construction of Devlin Road and Vine Trail Extension Class I Path, (PPNO 2130D) in Napa County, with reimbursement to be scheduled over a three year period beginning in FY 20-21. They indicated that this project is integral to improving the transportation network on Route 29, especially for truck traffic; Devlin Road is a local collector road which parallels the heavily congested Route 29. The project will extend Devlin Road by constructing two new travel lanes, a new median, and improve existing drainage. The project also includes an extension of the Vine Trail, a Class I bike facility which will eliminate conflicts between truck and auto traffic in the corridor and improve the safety of bicyclist and pedestrians. When completed, the project will improve traffic circulation within the southern portion of Route 29 in the county of Napa and the city of American Canyon. The project was originally programmed for construction in the 2014 STIP for delivery in 2017-18. However, construction funding was deleted in the 2016 STIP due to funding constraints. This project is currently programmed in the 2018 STIP with Construction funding in 2020-21. Design is complete and the project is ready to proceed.
(Source: December 2018 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1b(1))

In January 2018, it was reported that American Canyon was preparing to build the Devlin Road extension. Someday, the road is to extend 3.5 miles from Green Island Road in American Canyon to Soscol Ferry Road near Route 29 at the Butler Bridge. Two key sections are missing. American Canyon is preparing to build the half-mile, southern terminus from Green Island Road to Middleton Way, complete with a roundabout. That will connect the city’s Green Island Road Industrial area with the county’s airport industrial area. The City Council on Jan. 15, 2019 approved the project’s environmental study. The wait is on to bring out the bulldozers and get to work on what’s expected to be about a nine-month project -- hopefully by Summer 2019. That will depend in part on the California Transportation Commission. The city in March 2019 will ask the state to advance $4.1 million in funding targeted for 2021-22. Instead of doing an environmental impact report to satisfy state law, the city completed a less-involved “mitigated negative declaration” because there are no significant impacts expected. Even so, this document by GHD consultants tops 300 pages. A single-lane, 140-foot diameter roundabout is to be built at the intersection with a future road to Napa Logistics Park. This is part of a trend in Napa County and the state to use roundabouts instead of stop signs or traffic signals at certain intersections. A new Napa Valley Vine Trail segment is set to run along the new Devlin Road section. Plans call for an 8-foot-wide bike path with 2-foot shoulders. That would add another half-mile to a bike-and-walking path that is to someday extend 47 miles from Vallejo to Calistoga. The other key gap in Devlin Road is in the unincorporated county. The county could begin work on this project in Feburary 2019.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 1/20/2019)

In March 2019, it was reported that American Canyon is continuing efforts to annex 87 acres on its northeast edge, in part to someday extend Newell Drive to Route 29 and take some of the city traffic off the congested highway. This land is north of the planned Watson Ranch, which is to have 1,250 homes, parks, a hotel, stores, a school and a town center on almost 300 acres. That kind of expected growth makes the Newell Drive extension a priority. Newell Drive presently runs from American Canyon Road north for less than a mile. The goal is to extend the road about two miles, north past the Watson Ranch property and through the targeted annexation land, then west to Route 29 near Green Island Road. “Eventually, Newell Drive will provide a parallel alternative route on the east side of (Route) 29,” says a recent Local Agency Formation Commission of Napa County growth study for the area. On March 19, 2019, the American Canyon city council approved a pre-annexation agreement for the 31-acre Paoli property, which is part of the 87 acres. Among other things, the owners agree to dedicate right-of-way for Newell Drive. Land on the Paoli property would be zoned light industrial with a commercial overlay in parts nearer to Route 29. This development would help fund a Newell Drive extension. Other properties in the targeted 87-acre annexation area are not to have pre-annexation agreements. Those are the Watson Lane area, which has rural homes, the 3.8–acre Gonsalves property and 8.6 acres owned by Union Pacific. More work must be done to bring the 87 acres into American Canyon borders, such as an environmental study. A tax-sharing agreement must be reached with Napa County. Then the city must submit an annexation application to the Local Agency Formation Commission of Napa County, which decides whether to approve annexations. Additional costs to move ahead are likely $250,000 to $350,000, with a proportional share to be paid by the Paoli landowners after annexation, a city report said. The city’s upcoming 2019-20 budget will need to include the upfront expenses to move ahead with the annexation application. The American City Council directed staff to begin work on the 87-acre annexation project in September 2017.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 3/27/2019)

Devlin Rd ExtensionIn March 2019, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will construct a 0.58-mile extension to Devlin Road, including the installation of municipal utilities and a segment of the Napa Valley Vine Trail.
(Source: March 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.2c.(4))

In April 2019, it was reported that there are a number of changes target for Route 29. By the end of 2019, Caltrans intends to have what it calls an “adaptive signal control project” up and running. Five Route 29 traffic signals in American Canyon will be tied into the Caltrans District 4 Traffic Management Center in Oakland, Caltrans officials said. Changes to signal timing will be made according to real-time traffic conditions using algorithms. There is also an upcoming Route 29 Comprehensive Multimodal Corridor Plan. That plan is needed for American Canyon highway projects to tap into funding from the state Senate Bill 1 fuel and vehicle tax hikes. The Multimodal Corridor Plan could include better crosswalks, more convenient bus stops, improvements along parallel corridors and bike-and-walking paths. The idea from the 2014 Route 29 Gateway Corridor Improvement Plan of expanding Rolute 29 from four lanes to six lanes in American Canyon – three lanes running in each direction – isn’t in the mix due to several significant problems. For example, many potential highway improvement funding sources don’t pay for expanding capacity. Caltrans has trouble maintaining its existing infrastructure. Widening a bridge over Paoli Loop Road and the railroad tracks would be expensive. One project that might help is improving the connector ramp from eastbound Route 12 through Jameson Canyon to eastbound I-80 near Fairfield. Turning this one-lane connector ramp into a two-lane ramp would help remove a rural Jameson Canyon afternoon rush-hour bottleneck. That, in turn, might encourage more I-80-bound drivers to take Route 12 through Jameson Canyon instead of Route 29 through American Canyon. Construction of the improved Route 12/I-80 ramp is to begin in summer of 2020, according to the Solano Transportation Authority. Lastly, there is the project to finish off Devlin Road. The city and Napa County are taking the final steps to complete this 3.5-mile parallel route from American Canyon to Route 29 near the Grapecrusher statue. American Canyon had sought to begin construction this summer on the half-mile segment between Middleton Way and Green Island Road. Work would finish in 2020. That hinged on the California Transportation Commission (CTC) advancing $4.1 million in state funds scheduled to be released for the project in 2021-22. After talking with CTC staff, American Canyon has decided to seek a shorter advance that will allow construction to begin in 2020, but in such a way that takes advantage of the entire summer construction season. This could still allow the project to finish by the end of 2020. However, a completed Devlin Road parallel route also raises a question. The American Canyon general plan shows a link ultimately being made from Devlin Road to residential areas a short distance away, creating American Canyon’s long-planned west side connector. But a west side connector is controversial. Some residents fear it will increase the number of motorists fed up with Route 29 congestion who seek traffic relief by driving through their neighborhoods.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 4/4/2019)

In July 2019, it was reported that a lawsuit claims American Canyon’s ideas to transform car-centric Broadway (Route 29) into a pedestrian-and-cyclist-friendly main drag with more residences and businesses has flaws that need mending. City officials at a June 18 City Council meeting praised the Broadway District Specific Plan. They talked about creating over two decades a coherent, appealing look amid what is now a hodgepodge of highway-fronting developments and vacant lots. But Davis-based California Clean Energy Committee claims the Broadway plan vision would generate too much traffic and provide too little affordable housing. It wants a Napa County Superior Court judge to tell the city to do more work on the project’s environmental impact report. American Canyon wants to widen Route 29 from two lanes each direction to three lanes and to lower the speed limit from 55 mph and 50 mph to 35 mph. Lower speeds would allow for narrower lanes. Features such as landscaped medians would be added.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 7/16/2019)

In February 2020, another Devlin Road segment was scheduled to open, providing a new link in the still-evolving, south county parallel route to congested Route 29. The segment is 1,100 feet, a distance equal to three football fields, and includes a bridge over Fagan Creek. It will allow drivers in the airport industrial area to drive between Airpark Road and Tower Road. Combined with existing county Devlin Road segments, this latest addition will offer an option for people heading to the Devlin Road Recycling and Transfer Facility to get rid of their trash. Devlin Road is to ultimately stretch 3.5 miles from Soscol Ferry Road near the Grape Crusher statue to Green Island Road in American Canyon. Over several decades, it has been built in spurts, creating a puzzle with missing pieces. This parallel road will provide a previously non-existent alternative to Route 29, with the dual purpose of providing congestion relief and alternative emergency access. American Canyon is to build a final, half-mile segment between Green Island Road and an existing segment that dead-ends. Work on the $8.5 million project should begin in Summer 2020, with about half of the cost being paid by state funds and the remainder by a combination of local impact fees.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 2/26/2020)

In June 2020, it was reported that American Canyon is using eminent domain to acquire several slivers of private property it deems necessary for the Green Island Road project in the industrial area. City officials said the step is necessary to keep the $14 million Green Island Road project on schedule. Negotiations for land acquisitions and temporary construction easements in these four cases have reached impasses. The industrial area with 60 businesses and more than 1,200 employees is served by a main road marred by rough patches. City officials said that, on a scale of 1 to 100 with 100 being best, Green Island Road has a pavement quality score of 12. For context, the Metropolitan Transportation Commission considers any score below 24 as failure. Such a road has extremely rough pavement and needs complete reconstruction, not a mere patch job. To remedy the situation, the city this year is launching a drive to reconstruct 1.9 miles of Green Island Road, Jim Oswalt Way, Mezzetta Court, Hanna Drive and Commerce Boulevard. That includes a wider Green Island Road with a two-way center turn lane and underground utilities.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 6/4/2020)

Soscal Flyover/Junction (~ NAP 5.702 to NAP 10.333)

In February 2014, the Napa County Transportation and Planning Agency provided updated results from the study. The draft Route 29 Gateway Corridor Improvement Plan calls for expanding the highway from four to six lanes from American Canyon Road to Route 12/Jameson Canyon, as well as new interchanges at Route 12/Jameson Canyon and Route 221 and improvements to the juncture of Route 29 and Route 12/Carneros Highway. In American Canyon, the two new lanes would be built as frontage roads to siphon off local traffic from the highway. The plan also adds miles of bicycle paths and sidewalks, and a link to the future Vine Trail multi-use path that’s planned to run from Calistoga to the Vallejo Ferry. The character of the 17-mile stretch of roadway (from the Vallejo ferry to Trancas Street in Napa) would transition from landscaped freeway to “boulevard” in American Canyon to rural highway further north to align with the residential, commercial and undeveloped surroundings.
(Source: American Canyon Eagle)

In October 2014, Napa County Transportation and Planning Agency voted to accept the Gateway Corridor Improvement Plan -- a $349 million plan to improve Route 29 in south Napa County. This plan would include having six lanes in American Canyon, building a Soscol flyover at Route 221 and reconfiguring lanes at the Sonoma County turnoff. The plan also calls for giving Route 29 a look and character in keeping with the areas it passes through, be it rural or city. Out of the various projects included in the plan, a $48 million Soscol flyover at Route 221 near the Butler Bridge is listed as a priority. That’s because this proposal, which has been around for years, is closest to having environmental work completed, the plan says. An elevated ramp would take southbound Route 221 traffic to southbound Route 29 and a new connector ramp would take southbound Route 221 traffic to northbound Route 29. Soscol Ferry Road would be limited to right turns in and right turns out. The traffic signal would be eliminated. Another project would turn Route 29 from a four-lane road to a six-lane road through central American Canyon. Landscaping, a bike path and safety improvements for pedestrians would be added. The estimated cost is $25.5 million. The plan also considers keeping Route 29 four lanes through American Canyon and adding such improvements as lanes for local traffic separated from the highway by a landscape strip. This concept acknowledges that American Canyon uses the road as a Main Street, but that the six-lane option does more to ease traffic congestion. The state Department of Transportation plans to hold a meeting in December 2014 to open the 30-day comment period on the draft environmental report. No money is available yet for construction.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 10/16/2014)

029 Soscol Napa RoundaboutsIn April 2016, it was reported that the proposed Soscol Junction flyover at Route 29 (NAP R6.168) and Route 221 southeast of the grape crusher statue might become the proposed Soscol Junction roundabouts. Although the $40 million flyover joining southbound Route 221 to southbound Route 29 remains the preferred option to unsnarl the rush-hour backups caused by traffic signal red lights at this key intersection, Caltrans will allow the Napa Valley Transportation Authority and city of Napa to spend a few month exploring whether a double-roundabout design could handle the traffic. The roundabouts would be on either side of Route 29 and serve as the onramps and offramps. They would also allow traffic to take a road passing under or above Route 29 as a link between Route 221 and Soscol Ferry Road. NTVA will spend about $40,000 studying the roundabouts option, with the city of Napa providing the engineering work.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 4/23/2016)

The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to change the allocation for this project from $6.3M to $12.819M (Caltrans + Napa TPA), with R/W acquisition and PS&E occuring in FY19-20. This project is at the intersection of Route 12, Route 29, and Route 221. Partial grade separation improvements

In August 2018, it was reported that Caltrans and the Napa Valley Transportation Authority were looking for opinions on the particular roundabout approach to take at Soscol Junction. The issue is: one large roundabout or two smaller ones. No roundabouts would be on Route 29 itself. The highway would rise up on an overpass, no longer burdened with the traffic signals that cause long backups. Underneath the overpass is where the roundabout or roundabouts would be. They would control traffic as it enters Route 29 either northbound or southbound or travels between Soscol Ferry Road and Route 221. California created Soscol Junction in 1981 as part of its Southern Crossing project when it opened the nearby Butler Bridge for Route 29. Before that, highway traffic traveled up the east side of the Napa Valley, took Imola Avenue west and then continued on to Sonoma County or Upvalley. The original idea in the 1970s was to have an interchange from the start at Soscol Junction. But money for the project proved tight and transportation officials settled for the cheaper solution of traffic signals. By 2002, Napa County officials were talking about the flyover solution. Now the idea has turned into roundabouts, with the two possible configurations.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 8/19/2018)

In October 2019, it was reported that a steep rise in the estimated cost for the proposed, congestion-busting Soscol Junction project isn’t sinking building plans. The estimated price has risen from $40 million to $64 million. Napa Valley Transportation Authority Executive Director Kate Miller said the plan is still to break ground in 2021. The longer Soscol Junction is delayed, the more the project will cost, an agency report said. Soscol Junction is the intersection of Route 29 and Route 221/Soscol Ferry Road east of the Butler Bridge and Grapecrusher statue. The plan is to raise Route 29 on an overpass and remove the traffic signals so traffic keeps flowing. Route 221/Soscol Ferry Road beneath the overpass would have two roundabouts to regulate through traffic and traffic entering and leaving Route 29. Route 29 would not have a roundabout. NVTA for several years has listed a price estimate of $35 million to $40 million. A new report pegs it at $64 million, with $50 million needed for construction. The project has been in the environmental phase for years and construction costs rise 3 percent to 6 percent annually. Caltrans recently released the draft environmental document, so that phase is nearing an end. Additionally, competition for construction engineering companies that do this type of work is adding to the estimated cost. The NVTA Board of Directors last week authorized Miller to seek a $20-million advance in regional transportation improvement program money for Soscol Junction. This state money comes to the county in two-year cycles for local transportation projects. The 2020 cycle has $2 million available for new projects. Napa County would tie up several cycles of funding. It would forgo using this money source for other, smaller transportation projects for years to come in exchange for the large, signature Soscol Junction project. Another potential Soscol Junction funding source is regional state bridge toll hikes approved by voters in 2018, though this money is frozen because of a court case challenging the increases. Still another possible source is a grant related to 2017’s Senate Bill 1, which raised state fuel taxes and vehicles fees.
(Source; Napa Valley Register, 10/30/2019, updated 11/6/2019)

In March 2020, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project on Route 29 (04-Nap-29, PM R5.6/R6.7) and Route 221 (04-Nap-221, PM 0.0/0.4) in Napa County. Reconfigure an
existing intersection in Napa County. (PPNO 0376). This project is located on Route 29 and Route 221 in Napa County and proposes to reconfigure the existing intersection (Soscol Junction) of Route 29 and Route 221/Soscol Ferry Road in Napa County from a signalized intersection to a full-diamond interchange, with two roundabout intersections on either side of Route 29. This proposed project is to improve traffic operations to alleviate congestion between Napa Valley and towards Interstate I-80 and Route 37. This project is not fully funded; it is currently programmed in the 2018 STIP for $12,819,000 in
regional shares for various components. Construction is estimated to begin in 2022. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2018 STIP.
(Source: March 2020 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.2c.(1))

In March 2020, the CTC approved the 2020 STIP, which increased the programmed funding for PPNO 0376 Rt 12/29/221 Soscol intersection separation (SB1), from $9,819K to $29,819K, with the bulk being in FY21.22.
(Source: March 2020 CTC Agenda, Item 4.7, 2020 STIP Adopted 3/25/2020)

In November 2016, it was reported that Caltrans will be out with cranes and other equipment installing new, highly reflective signs along Route 29 in and near the city of Napa. Locations includes stretches of Route 29 and various ramps from Route 12 near Napa County airport (29 NAP 4.693) north to Trower Avenue (29 NAP 13.848) nine miles away.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 11/5/2016)

Carneros Junction Improvements (29 NAP R8.615)

Carneros InterchangeIn July 2017, a new proposal emerged for the Carneros Junction (29 NAP R8.615): Where Route 29 meets Route 12/Route 121. No massive interchange is proposed to replace traffic signals at the T-intersection for Napa and Sonoma flows. Instead, the three-year-old idea is to add merge lanes, give some lanes a constant green light and reap a little congestion relief. The NVTA took a close look at the Carneros intersection in its 2014 Highway 29 Gateway plan. This study concluded an interchange with on-ramps and off-ramps is the ultimate solution, but that such a structure would be costly and could have big environmental impacts. One alternative is building the Carneros interchange roundabout, either with or without traffic signals. This wouldn’t make a big congestion-easing difference in the long run, the plan concluded. That leaves the $1 million idea to ease congestion on the (relative) cheap. Northbound Route 29 traffic presently stops at a red light when Route 121 traffic coming from the Sonoma direction turns left toward Napa. The proposed change – have northbound traffic always flowing through the intersection. And what happens when the Highway 121 traffic makes a left turn in front of it? A long merge lane would be created so these divergent traffic streams have space to come together. The same concept would be used so southbound Route 29 traffic turning right onto Route 121 toward Sonoma could always have a green light. A long merge lane would be the buffer when northbound Route 29 traffic makes a left turn onto Route 121. This proposed project wouldn’t necessarily make Carneros intersection a motorist’s paradise. There would still be a red light during the southbound Route 29 morning commutes. The bigger, more expensive project for the more congested Soscol Junction a few miles south along Route 29 remains the NVTA’s priority. The agency and Caltrans are working on that project’s environmental impact report. Still, the smaller Carneros intersection project is at least in the agency’s sights, even if there is no timeline to build it and no state-required environmental report has yet been launched. If all had gone as planned in the 1970s, both the Carneros and Soscol Junction intersections would already be interchanges today. Caltrans during that decade was figuring out the huge Southern Crossing project. Route 29 at that point went north on Route 221 and then cut across the valley on Imola Avenue. Route 29 then continued north up Napa Valley and Route 121 went west to Sonoma. All of that led to congestion near Napa State Hospital and on Imola Avenue. Caltrans and county officials wanted a Southern Crossing bridge – today’s Butler Bridge – so Route 29 could bypass the city of Napa several miles to the south. The Southern Crossing project approved in 1974 included interchanges at both entrances. But in 1975, state transportation officials pleaded poverty and proposed installing traffic signals instead. The state would return to build interchanges “when traffic warrants them.” By 1977, the state didn’t even have money to connect Route 29 to the bridge it was already building over the Napa River. County officials went from worrying about having interchanges to keeping the Southern Crossing from becoming a bridge to nowhere. In 1981, the state finally opened the several miles of connecting highway that made the Butler Bridge part of Route 29. But the interchanges had dropped from the plans, replaced by the traffic signals.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 7/15/2017)

Napa - First, Second, and California Street Connection Improvements (~ NAP 11.432)

Rte 29 First Second and California St ImprovementsIn May 2016, it was reported that the City of Napa was considering a conceptual plan to build three traffic circles joining California Boulevard, First and Second Streets, and Route 29 (approx NAP 11.432). The roundabouts would control traffic flow from the freeway and California onto the two major east-west routes into downtown, which also would have their directions reversed; First would channel eastbound vehicles while Second would carry drivers toward the highway. The plan combines improvements earlier sought by the city and Caltrans, which agreed to use a rotary instead of a traffic light for its redesign of the Route 29 interchange with First.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 5/16/2016)

In June 2016, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will construct a roundabout at First Street/California Boulevard and Second Street/California Boulevard, and will reverse the one-way couplet of First and Second Streets. A second roundabout will be constructed at the Northbound Off-ramp of Route 29 and First Street. On May 17, 2016, the City adopted the final MND for the project and found that the project will not have a significant effect on the environment after mitigation. Impacts that require mitigation measures to be reduced to less than significant levels relate to biological resources, hazardous materials, cultural resources and noise abatement. Mitigation measures include, but are not limited to: require revegetation strategies to be included in the final specifications, conduct nesting surveys, require the consultation of a qualified archaeologist if cultural materials are unearthed and limit construction activities to reduce noise levels from 7:00 AM to 7:00 PM. The project is estimated to cost $11,942,000 and is fully funded through construction with State Highway Operation and Protection Program (SHOPP) Funds ($5,454,000), Local Funds ($2,524,000), Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Funds ($2,463,000) and Regional Improvement Program (RIP) Funds ($1,501,000). Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2016/17.

The following project was included in the final adopted 2018 SHOPP in March 2018: PPNO 1488P. 04-Napa-29 11.4. Route 29 In Napa, at northbound ramps and 1st Street. Construct roundabout. Begin Con: 2/22/2019. Total Project Cost: $6,950K.

In September 2018, it was reported that starting in October 2018 and continuing for just over a month, a contractor will remove about 60 trees in the vicinity of First Street and California Boulevard, according to Eric Whan, Napa’s interim public works director. The removals will clear space needed to start demolition and grading for construction of three traffic hubs that will connect Route 29 with First and Second streets and California Boulevard, eliminating traffic signals at an interchange that funnels visitors into central Napa. Construction of the roundabouts is scheduled to begin in spring 2019 and last 18 to 20 months, with the new traffic pattern going into service by the end of 2020, said Whan. The project also will reverse the one-way flow of First and Second streets, carrying motorists leaving Route 29 eastbound onto First Street into downtown and channeling westbound vehicles onto Second Street toward the freeway and the Browns Valley area. Capping the roundabout project will be a re-landscaping of the streets connected to Route 29. That phase will include planting 73 new trees and 2,489 shrubs and smaller plants, according to senior civil engineer John Ferons. When complete, the traffic realignment – jointly designed by Napa and Caltrans and estimated to cost $6 million – is meant to improve driver safety and relieve congestion to and from four-lane Route 29. Rotary hubs will replace the freeway’s interchange with First Street as well as the First-California and California-Second intersections. Drivers will pass through the roundabouts counterclockwise in a pattern intended to keep traffic flowing slowly but steadily, reducing the chances of dangerous broadside collisions. With the reversal of one-way traffic on First and Second streets, motorists currently leaving the freeway will no longer follow First south to California before turning left on Second, but take two circles to continue east on First. Those who take Second on their way out of downtown will pass through all three circles en route to Route 29 or neighborhoods in west Napa.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 9/30/2018)

In June 2019, it was reported that transportation officials have broken ground on what will be roundabouts at First Street/Route 29, First Street/California Boulevard and California Boulevard/Second Street. Before the roundabouts come the workarounds. Since these are major roads, the plan is to keep traffic moving through the construction zone as intersections are transformed. Construction will initially focus on the roundabout targeted for the northbound Route 29 entrance and exit at First Street. Drivers next week might see flagging and traffic shifts while workers do such things as remove a median, transportation officials said. Then drivers for a year or so will see traffic lane configuration shifts, concrete K-rails and the occasional delay as big equipment moves around. They’ll be driving emerging roundabouts before the entire project is finished. The roundabout project also calls for First Street and Second Street between California Boulevard and Jefferson Street to switch their one-way directions. This should take place about halfway to two-thirds into the project, transportation officials said. Construction crews are to complete the $11.4 million project between late spring and fall of 2020, depending on weather. O.C. Jones & Sons is the contractor.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 6/3/2019)

In September 2019, it was reported that as part of the roundabout construction project, both the northbound Route 29 off-ramp and loop on-ramp at First Street will be closing for two months in October 2019. The ramps are expected to reopen at the end of November when a working roundabout should be ready at this location. The roundabout on First Street at the Route 29 on- and off-ramps should be operational at the end of November 2019 if things go according to schedule. The roundabout at First and California should be working by the end of 2019, with completion of the roundabout at Second and California set for early 2020. When the roundabout at First and California begins carrying traffic, First and Second streets will be flipped. First between California and Jefferson Street will carry vehicles into downtown while Second carries them out.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 9/26/2019)

In November 2019, it appears the first of the new roundabouts were open, as the City of Napa was advising people on how to navagate them. Specifically, the roundabout at the First Street/Route 29 juncture opened -- this roundabout will carry motorists east and west on First and also reopen old connections to Route 29. This is the western-most roundabout, just below the Route 29 overpass. Another at First and California Boulevard should open in late December, while a third at California and Second Street is scheduled for early next year. The city’s roundabouts are designed for vehicles moving 15 mph.
(Source: City of Napa FB Post, 11/19/2019; NapaValley Register, 11/19/2019)

In January 2020, it was reported that the freeway entrance into downtown Napa was changing with the debut of a second roundabout, combined with the flip of the one-way directions of First and Second streets between California Boulevard and Jefferson Street. These are the most significant traffic changes in the downtown area since First and Second in the business district became two-way in 2014 after being one-way for over a half century. The planned third roundabout at Second and California won’t be fully functional until the end of January, when the connection to California south of Second will reopen. At the end of January, it was reported that Napa’s roundabout project was nearing completion, with the third circle at Second Street and California Boulevard to open to motorists by the end of February. The contractor, O.C. Jones & Sons, Inc., will first reopen California Boulevard between Second and Third streets the week of 2/10/2020. This means that, for the first time since summer 2019, northbound and southbound traffic on California will be able to proceed across Second and First streets without a major detour. Once all three roundabouts are working open, motorists can still expect occasional lane closures as workers complete the reconstruction of California between Second and Third streets. Then the entire roundabout zone will get a 2-inch top coat of asphalt and permanent pavement markings. This should all happen before the end of March 2020.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 1/4/2020, NapaValley Register, 1/30/2020)

In June 2015, it was reported that the City of Napa was moving ahead with a project that would build a proper, paved path along Napa Creek, below the four lanes of Route 29, at an estimated $600,000 cost (near 29 NAP 11.664). Skirting the creek’s north bank in a U-shaped pattern, the 600-foot-long underpass would connect the south end of Coffield Avenue west of Route 29 to a future trail section planned to run east to California Boulevard and D Street. Retaining walls would strengthen the path and its slope would be kept below 8% to meet federal standards for wheelchair access. The route of the bike path won City Council approval in early June 2015. Two Caltrans grants totaling $97,000 will cover most of the $100,000 design and engineering cost, with construction estimated to cost $500,000. Although a narrow dirt track currently connects the two sides of the freeway, a fully finished hard-surface path would remove one of the stiffest roadblocks to casual cycling.
(Source: Napa Valley Register 6/6/2015)

In September 2011, the CTC approved relinquishment of right of way in the city of Napa along Route 29 on Redwood Road, Trancas Street, California Boulevard, and Permanente Way, consisting of collateral facilities. (approx 29 NAP 13.033)

In December 2017, it was reported that frustrated motorists will potentially see some traffic improvements along the Route 29 traffic signal gauntlet of Salvador, Wine Country and Trower avenues (approx 29 NAP 13.852 to 29 NAP 14.61). Changes came earlier in 2017 with a new Napa Valley Vine Trail segment sandwiched between Route 29 and adjacent Solano Avenue. Trail users cross Salvador, Wine Country and Trower avenues and traffic lights were added to help them do so safely. The result: drivers complained that the new signal timing regime caused them more rush-hour delays on both Route 29 and Solano Avenue. Noting that Caltrans controls the traffic signal timing along this highway stretch, city officials agreed to work with Caltrans and a traffic consultant to see if something could be done. Caltrans discovered some of the vehicle detection loops in the pavement needed repairs, city Deputy Public Works Director Eric Whan said. Those loops are being fixed. The next step is trying out an adjusted timing pattern for the traffic signals based on simulations and traffic modeling. The goal is to create the optimum traffic flow and avoid undue delays for any one direction.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 12/1/2017)

In July 2016, it was reported that a local permitted project was adding a left-turn lane and other improvements N of the City of Napa to serve the planned Ashes & Diamonds winery. When the project is finished, southbound Route 29 drivers will have a left-turn lane onto Howard Lane (near 29 NAP 14.82). They’ll be able to use it to reach not only the winery-to-be, but the existing Bistro Don Giovanni restaurant and Senza Hotel. Other changes will include an expanded northbound Route 29 deceleration lane. Vintner Darioush Khaledi, who applied for the Ashes & Diamonds Winery permit, said the Route 29 project will cost the winery more than $1 million.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 7/6/2016)

Yountville through the vicinity of Calistoga (Route 128/Route 29 split near Woodleaf)

In May 2011, the CTC approved relinquishment of right of way in the city of St. Helena along Route 29, between Charter Oak Avenue and 0.1 mile west of Pratt Avenue, consisting of non-motorized transportation facilities, namely sidewalks. (approx 29 NAP 28.316)

Route 29 Channelization Project (~ NAP 25.507 to NAP 28.316)

It was also reported in June 2015 that Caltrans launched a project to improve safety and shorten travel times in St Helena and Napa County. This project will widen two-lane Route 29 between Mee Lane in Napa County (approx 29 NAP 25.507) and Charter Oak Avenue (approx 29 NAP 28.316) in St. Helena. Caltrans and its project partners, including the Napa County Transportation and Planning Agency, Napa County, the city of St. Helena and the Napa Valley Wine Train, broke ground on the project in early June 2015, expect to complete it by early 2017. The road is used by about 22,000 drivers a day. $19 million from the State Highway Operations and Protection Program is paying for a major portion of the improvements. San Rafael-based construction contractor Ghilotti Brothers is doing the work.
(Source: KRON, 6/10/2015)

In June 2016, it was reported that Caltrans and its local stakeholders were continuing construction of the Route 29 Channelization Project near St. Helena. This work included roadway excavation and storm drain installation between Dowdell Lane and Charter Oak Avenue in the southbound shoulder, as well as sidewalk and curb and gutter construction between Inglewood Avenue and Charter Oak Avenue in the southbound shoulder; and Infiltration trench construction in the southbound shoulder, with locations to be determined.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 6/20/2016)

In September 2016, it was reported that local dignitaries and Caltrans representatives gathered for a ceremonial ribbon cutting celebrating improvements to Route 29. The project included a new center turn lane to make left turns safer, wider shoulders, new railroad crossings, new underground utility lines to replace unsightly power poles, a long-planned traffic signal at Grayson Avenue, and safety improvements for cyclists. The work took place along three miles at the southern entrance to St. Helena, from Mee Lane to Charter Oak Avenue. The Route 29 Channelization Project was funded by $16.7 million in federal money set aside for state highway improvements. The project had been in the works since 1983, and a portion south of Rutherford was completed in 1998. However, the northern stretch was delayed by right-of-way issues that took years of negotiations to resolve. One of the most important components of the project was putting utility lines underground. Pacific Gas & Electric poles on the east side of Route 29 were replaced with underground lines on the west side of the road.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 9/1/2016)

In the December 2017 Caltrans Mile Marker, it was reported that, as part of the Napa State Route 12 Channelization Project, improvements were made to the railroad crossing at Route 29 and Whitehall Lane (~ NAP 26.143), and the bikeway realigned so that bicyclists cross the railroad tracks in a safer direction. Caltrans also incorporated green pavement marking, striping, raised medians or islands, markers and signs.

The 2020 SHOPP, approved in May 2020, included the following Mandate item of interest (carried over from the 2018 SHOPP): 04-Napa-29 PM 33.1 PPNO 1464K Proj ID 0416000037 EA 4J990. Route 29 Near Calistoga, at 0.3 mile south of Bothe-Napa Valley State Park entrance at Ritchie Creek Bridge No. 21-0057. Replace bridge and provide financial contributions to improve fish passage barriers at the site for compliance unit credits towards statewide National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit mandate goals. Programmed in FY21-22, with construction scheduled to start in November 2022. Total project cost is $10,276K, with $5,689K being capital (const and right of way) and $4,587K being support (engineering, environmental, etc.).
(Source: 2020 Approved SHOPP a/o May 2020)

In May 2015, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Napa County that will replace the existing Napa River Bridge (Bridge 21-0018, 29 NAP 37.03, dating back to 1919, widened in 1952) in the City of Calistoga. The project is programmed in the 2014 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The estimated cost is $15,918,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2015-16. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2014 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The replacement Napa River bridge opened in mid-April 2019, according to a tweet from Caltrans.

Garnett Creek Bridge (NAP 39.08)

In September 2012, it was reported that plans to replace the decaying Garnett Creek Bridge (Bridge 21-0005, 29 NAP 39.08) on Route 29 are on hold in the face of budget constraints and opposition from Calistoga residents. The bridge, between Calistoga city limits and Tubbs Lane, was built in 1902 and is one of a dwindling number of examples of stone arch bridges built in Napa County in that period. It is a well-known landmark and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Caltrans caused a stir in late 2011 when it published a preliminary study that suggested that the bridge should be replaced. The agency said the bridge would either need to be demolished to make way for a new one or else preserved by rerouting the highway about 80 feet downstream to a new span. Either option would be controversial. Preservationists don’t want to see the historic structure demolished, but nearby landowners and agriculture groups don’t want to see the state converting any of Napa Valley’s iconic vineyards into new roadways. Caltrans noted that the bridge is close to the bottom of the scale in terms of safety and structural integrity. On the 9-point scale the agency uses, a new bridge in perfect condition would rate a 9, while a bridge that scored a 1 would be judged to be an immediate threat to public safety and would be closed. The Garnett Creek Bridge now rates a 3, largely because the stream has been steadily eroding the pillars and foundation, and heavy modern trucks are causing cracking. The bridge is also dangerously narrow by modern standards: just 19 feet wide, too narrow to safely accommodate two full-sized trucks at highway speeds. Trucks account for about 9 percent of the 4,000 vehicles that use the bridge daily, an unusually heavy concentration of big vehicles that is putting enormous strain on the structure. The option of rerouting Route 29 up Foothill Boulevard (Route 128) and across Tubbs Lane is not impossible, but would require expensive upgrades to Tubbs Lane before the state could accept it as a new highway route.
(Source: Weekly Calistogan, 9/29/2012)

Calistoga through Middletown (Route 175 Junction)

According to Robert Cruickshank, above Calistoga, Route 29 becomes a very winding road. The Calistoga Grade (approx 29 NAP 39.905) appears to have been cut quite a while ago, with a number of switchbacks up to the summit. This lasts for somewhere between 10 and 15 miles. Once you cross into Lake County the roadway straightens out as it descends into some of the area valleys.

Troutdale Creek Bridge (NAP 46.47)

In October 2013, the CTC considered for future consideration of funding a project in Napa County that will replace the existing Troutdale Creek Bridge (Bridges 21-0099 at 29 NAP 46.47, which dates to 1923, widened in 1986), on Route 29 near the city of Calistoga. The project is programmed in the 2012 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The total estimated cost is $21,475,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2014-15. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2012 State Highway Operation and Protection Program.

In November 2015, it was reported that Caltrans has completed construction of the new Route 29-Troutdale Creek Bridge (Bridge 21-0113 at 29 NAP 47.20) one year ahead of its late 2016 schedule. The bridge is in northwest Napa County between Calistoga and Middletown. Caltrans started construction of the new Troutdale Creek Bridge in May 2015. The new bridge has wider northbound and southbound approaches. The existing bridge was replaced because of years of wear at its base from the Troutdale Creek. The new approaches have been realigned to improve sightlines for motorists, according to a Caltrans press release.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 11/24/2015)

Middletown (Route 175) through Kelseyville to Lakeport (Route 175)

In October 2013, the CTC relinquished right of way in the county of Lake on Route 29 in the unincorporated Town of Middletown at Wardlaw Street (approx 29 LAK 5.974), consisting of superseded highway right of way.

In January 2018, the CTC received an information report on a SHOPP project on 01-Lak-29 9.6/10.3. Near Middletown, from Putah Lane to 0.3 mile north of Spruce Road. Outcome/Output: Construct roundabout to reduce the number and severity of traffic collisions. Funding was allocated 12/14/2017, and the report was an increase in the construction engineering allocation to $1,446,000.
(Source: January/February CTC Meeting, Agenda, Item 5.f(3))

Shoulder Widening and Improvements between Middletown and Lower Lake (01-Lak-29, PM 12.7/14.5)

Widening 01-Lak-29 12.7/14.5In March 2019, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project on Route 29 between Middletown and Lower Lake in Lake County (01-Lak-29, PM 12.7/14.5). The project proposes to widen shoulders. The proposed project includes replacing or repairing drainage facilities, extending existing and installing new guardrail, installing rail element walls, applying asphalt overlay, installing centerline and rumble strips and high visibility striping. The project proposes to address the need to reduce the frequency, type and severity of collisions. This project is fully funded and currently programmed in the 2018 SHOPP for approximately $14.97 million, construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2019-20. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2018 SHOPP. The CTC also approved the following support allocation: 01-Lak-29 12.8/14.4 PPNO 3102 Proj ID 0115000003Route 29 Near Lower Lake, from north of Spruce Grove Road to south of Hofacker Lane. Widen shoulders. (Concurrent consideration of funding under Resolution E-19-17; March 2019.) Allocation: PS&E $1,119,000 R/W Sup $88,000.
(Source: March 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.2c.(1); March 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5b.(2a) Item 2)

In May 2020, it was reported to the CTC that an allocation was made in March 2020 related to this project: $15,997,000. 01-Lak-29 12.7/14.5. PPNO 01-3102 ProjID 0115000003 EA 0E720. On Route 29 near Lower Lake, from 0.8 mile north of Spruce Grove Road South to 0.5 mile south of Hofacker Lane. Outcome/Output: Improve safety by widening shoulders, upgrading guardrail, installing rumble strips, and repairing drainage facilities. This project will reduce the number and severity of collisions. (Future consideration of funding approved under Resolution E-19-17; March 2019.)  Allocation Date: 03/17/20.
(Source: May 2020 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5f.(3) #1)

Lake 29 Shoulder Widening and Truck Climbing Lane Project (01-Lak-29, PM 17.74/20.73)

Rte 29 Lake Shoulder WideningIn December 2018, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project located on Route 29 in Lake County that proposes to widen shoulders along three segments of Route 29. The project also proposes to construct a 12-foot wide northbound truck climbing lane, extend and repair existing drainage facilities, and install metal beam guardrail. This proposed project addresses the need to reduce the frequency and severity of collisions at these three segments of Route 29. The proposed project is estimated to cost approximately $13.2 million. This project is currently funded and programmed in the 2018 State Highway Operations and Protection Program (SHOPP) for approximately $10.8 million. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year (FY) 2019-20. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2018 SHOPP.
(Source: December 2018 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.2c(1))

In June 2019, the CTC approved the following scope amendment to the SHOPP: 01-Lak-29 17.7/20.7 PPNO 3203 Proj 0115000004. Route 29 Near Lower Lake, at various locations from 0.1 mile south of C Street to 0.2 mile north of Bell Park Avenue. Widen for truck climbing lanes and shoulders. Note: Increased construction capital is due to significant cost and quantity increases to roadway excavation, asphalt, culverts, and mobilization. Temporary railing, erosion control items, and structural concrete were originally not accounted for. Reduce R/W capital due to reduction in environmental mitigation and permitting fees. Update post miles to refine the project limits. Correct the performance to correlate with original reporting during project initiation. Updated total cost: $12,331K.
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Scope Item 9)

In December 2019, the CTC had the following SHOPP Safety allocation on its agenda: 01-Lak-29 17.7/20.7 PPNO 3203 Proj ID 0115000004 EA 0E730. On Route 29 Near Lower Lake, at various locations from 0.1 mile south of C Street to 0.2 mile north of Bell Park Avenue. Outcome/Output: Improve safety by widening for shoulders and truck climbing lanes. This project will reduce the number and severity of collisions $9,529,000
(Source: December 2019 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.5f.(3) #1)

In June 2011, the CTC approved $6.1 million to repave stretches of Route 29 and Route 53 in Lake County. The Route 29 work will go from just south of the junction with Route 53 (approx 29 LAK 20.29) in Lower Lake to just north of it. For Route 53, the work will go from Route 29 to just north of 40th Avenue in Clearlake.

Kelseyville/Lower Lake Expressway (~ LAK 20.37 to LAK R35.466)

As of February 2000, the Route 20 corridor is a hot spot. Mendocino, Lake, and Colusa Counties have all agreed that they would like to see four lane road all along the corridor, which is considered a rural principal arterial. In Lake County, rather than upgrading Route 20 along the North shore of the lake, the principal arterials will be Route 29 and Route 53 along the South side of the lake. Project Study Reports in progress for the following:

  1. Extending the Route 20 expressway NE of Ukiah into Lake County.
  2. Extending the Route 29 freeway portion S from Lakeport to Kelseyville.
  3. Upgrading Route 29 from Kelseyville to Lower Lake to 4-lane expressway
  4. Building a bypass of Lower Lake starting on Route 29 and running NE to Route 53.
  5. Upgrading the Route 53 Clearlake Expressway to freeway.
  6. Construction of an interchange at Route 53 and Route 20.
  7. Upgrading Route 20 to 4 lanes between the beginning of the Coast Range mountains E to I-5 at Williams.

The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route: High Priority Project #3803: Expansion of Kelseyville/Lower Lake Expressway in Lake County. $5,000,000.

The upgrading of the route near Kelseyville was the subject of a draft EIR at the November 2007 CTC meeting. The basic issue is how to adjust the centerline of the widened route.

In 2007, the CTC considered a request for funding from the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account (CMIA), which was not recommended for funding. This request was to construct an expressway from Diener Dr. (LAK 23.676) to Route 175 near Lakeport (LAK 30.964).

On AAroads, it was noted that the freeway bypass of Lakeport was more to provide a section of improved Route 29 between Lower Lake and Route 20 to serve as a through commercial route to bypass the section of Route 20 that follows the north shore of Clear Lake. That segment of Route 20 would be difficult and impractical to expand because of both physical limitations (it's on a narrow ledge wedged in between the lake and the mountain along much of that stretch). Using Route 29 along the south shore and the previously enhanced Route 53 to return to Route 20 provides an alternative that's not significantly longer than Route 20 itself -- and is much more conducive to capacity enlargement -- hence the 4-laning project under discussion. There may note be any feasible way to effectively increase capacity on Route 29 from Calistoga to at least Middletown because of the topology around Mt. St. Helens.
(Source: Sparker at AAroads, 7/4/2016)

In May 2016, it was reported that CalTrans is planning to widen a section of Route 29 to four lanes. The proposal presented at a public meeting in early June discussed a widening that would extend eight miles, the Kit’s Corner intersection in Kelseyville all the way to Diener Drive in Lower Lake. There is some concern the project would infringe upon wetlands areas. It will also require new right-of-ways. It was reported that an environmental impact report had been drafted and was available for public review. If approved, the project is planned to begin construction in summer 2018.
(Record Bee Community News, 5/31/2016)

Lower Lake ExpresswayIn January 2017, the CTC approved adoption of a portion of Route 29 as a freeway to be able to construct an expressway project in the State highway system. This project will reconfigure a portion of the existing two-lane conventional highway to a four-lane divided expressway with access control. The project will improve east-west connectivity, relieve congestion, reduce delays and improve safety for interregional traffic on Route 29. A final Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Assessment and De Minimis Section 4(f) were prepared pursuant to the California Environmental Quality Act and the National Environmental Policy Act on November 23, 2016, and a project report was prepared by the Department and approved on November 30, 2016. In August 2016, the CTC approved $459K for right of way acquisition and $5,646K in construction for various locations along Route 29 near Lower Lake to widen the route for truck lanes and shoulders. Route 29 from the community of Lower Lake to 3.5 miles north of Route 175, near Kelseyville, was adopted as a State Highway by Resolution of the California Highway Commission (CHC) in July 1956 and November 1959. The segment north of this location was adopted as a freeway by CHC on July 24, 1956. From Lower Lake to Kelseyville, Route 29 is primarily a mix of open space scenic corridor with some low to moderate density residential land use. Property adjacent to the project is primarily zoned as Rural Lands and Agriculture under the Lake County General Plan and it traverses rolling to semi-mountainous terrain. Within the project limits, Route 29 is a traversable two-lane conventional highway with narrow shoulders, generally only two-feet wide. There are many at-grade intersections and road approaches within the project limits. The majority of the project length is currently barrier striped, which restricts passing. Consequently, there are long queues of cars following slowermoving vehicles or trucks, creating congestion and unstable traffic flow. The lack of passing opportunities is expected to create greater congestion and increase delays as traffic volumes increase. This project proposes to convert an eight-mile segment of two-lane conventional highway between the communities of Lower Lake and Kelseyville, to a four-lane expressway with access control. The alignment generally follows the existing highway corridor. The design improves the horizontal and vertical alignment, adds lanes to create safer passing opportunities, widens the shoulders, and provides a 46-foot wide median. Safety benefits include increases to sight distances, enhancement of recovery areas, separation from opposing traffic, and minimization of exposure to fixed objects. Additionally, many existing at-grade road approaches to Route 29 will be consolidated and portions of the realigned existing highway will be used as frontage roads. These frontage roads will eventually be relinquished to Lake County. The proposed four-lane expressway will significantly improve overall safety to motorists and provide a modern four-lane facility that meets current design standards. In 1988, the Department approved two Project Study Reports (PSR) to upgrade this facility in two segments. Both PSRs recommended proceeding with an expressway alternative. In 1999, a supplemental PSR was prepared to study additional improvements and alternatives. Stakeholder meetings were held with the Federal Highway Administration, where it was agreed that the two Route 29 improvement projects would be combined for environmental study purposes and include the study of a freeway alternative. In 2001, after two years of studies on various highway, expressway, and freeway alternatives on varying alignments with differing median widths, the freeway alternatives were eliminated from further study due to funding constraints, as construction cost for a four-lane freeway was estimated to be nearly twice the cost of the expressway alternatives. In 2002, the two projects were officially combined in the 2002 STIP, the project description and post miles were updated, and environmental studies for the combined segments were initiated. In March 2003 the NEPA/404 process was initiated. Due to funding constraints, the project will be constructed in two phases. It is proposed to first construct the three-mile segment of four-lane expressway beginning approximately 0.6 mile north of the Route 281/Route 29 intersection. As funding becomes available, the remaining portion of the project will be programmed and constructed. The total cost for construction of the first phase is estimated at $76.3 million. SHOPP funding is from the Highway Safety Improvement Program, and STIP funding is by the Regional Improvement Program, the Interregional Improvement Program, and by Demonstration Funds from Transportation Equity Act-21 and Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users. Shortly after the Commission’s approval of the Route 29 freeway route adoption, the Department will approve the denomination of Route 29 freeway as a controlled access highway, within the project limits. The Department will then execute a Controlled Access Highway Agreement (CAHA) with the County of Lake following the Commission’s approval of this route adoption. Portions of the existing Route 29 alignment serving as frontage roads for the new alignment will be relinquished to the County of Lake after construction completion.

The approval for future consideration of funding noted: This project in Lake County will widen the existing two-lane highway to a four-lane divided highway with access control. The project will begin near Diener Drive and end just west of the Route 29/Route 175 Intersection. The project is programmed in the 2016 State Highway Operation Program for $46,200,000 in capital and support. In addition, the project is programmed in the 2016 State Transportation Improvement Program for $70,527,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2018-19. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2016 State Highway Operation and Protection Program and the 2016 State Transportation Improvement Program.

The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to increase the funding for PPNO 3100 (Widen to 4 lanes, Rt 281-Rt 175, Seg 2C) [LAK 28.5/31.6] from $14,767K to $15,087K, which appears to be construction in FY18-19. This segment is described as "In Lake County near Kelseyville from 0.6 mile north of the Junction of Route 29/Route 281 to 0.6 mile north of the Junction of Route 29/Route 175. Construct Segment 2-C, an approximately 3.1 mile portion of the 8-mile long, 4-lane Expressway Project. It also provided $900K for PS&E for PPNO 3122, Segment 2A, and $118K for PS&E for PPNO 3121, Segment 2B. Segment 2B also gets $792K in Advance Project Development Element (APDE) funds. The project report notes: The project would likely be constructed in phases (segments) as full funding sources have not been identified. The recommended sequence of construction will be to construct the 8.0 miles in three segments, proceeding from west to east. It is proposed to first construct the segment from approximately PM 28.5 to 31.6, then the segment from PM 26.1 to 29.1, and lastly the segment from PM 23.6 to 26.9. These segments are referred to herein as Segments 2C, 2B and 2A, respectively.

In June 2019, the CTC approved the following construction allocation: $52,157,000. 01-Lake-29 28.5/31.6 ProjID 0114000043. Route 29 Near Kelseyville, from 0.6 mile north of Route 29/Route 281 Junction to north of Route 29/Route 175 Junction. Improve safety by realigning curves and upgrading shoulders throughout project limits. This project will reduce the number and severity of collisions. Const. $44,128,000 Const Engr. $8,029,000
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5b.(1) Item 2)

Additionally, in June 2019, the CTC approved an allocation of $28,240,000 for two STIP projects: $27,858,000 for Lake-29 Expressway Project (01-LAK-29 28.5/31.6) - Segment 2C (PPNO 01-3100, ProjID 0114000044). The project is on Route 29 in Lake County near Kelseyville from 0.6 mile north of the Junction of Route 29/Route 281 to 0.6 mile north of the Junction of Route 29/Route 175. Construct Segment 2-C, an approximately 3.1 mile portion of the 8-mile long, 4-lane Expressway project. The ~27.8M is from two accounts: RIP (CON ENG $999,000, CONST $11,313,000) and IIP (CON ENG $1,250,000, CONST $14,296,000). There was also an allocation of $382,000 for the associated mitigation child project (PPNO 01-3100M), divided into RIP (CON ENG $55,000, CONST $132,000) and IIP (CON ENG $55,000, CONST $140,000).
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5c.(1))

In March 2020, the CTC approved the 2020 STIP, which appeared to continue programmed funding for PPNO 3100 "Widen to 4 lanes, Rt 281-Rt 175, Seg 2C (RIP)(SHOPP)" and PPNO 3100M "Widen to 4 lanes, Sgmt 2C-Mitigation (RIP)(split 6-19)". It also continued programmed funding for PPNO 3121 "Expressway-Segment 2B (RIP)(APDE)" and PPNO 3122 "Expressway-Segment 2A (RIP)". The STIP also included PPNO 3100 Widen to 4 lanes, Segment 2C (IIP)($3,075 incr at vote, in the Interregional portion of the STIP with no change in programming: $17,755K in prior year funding, as well as PPNO 3100M Widen to 4 lanes, Sgmt 2C-Mitigation (IIP) (split 6-19) with $196K in prior year funding. It also included PPNO 3122 Expressway - Segment 2A (IIP)(APDE) and PPNO 3121 Expressway - Segment 2B (IIP) (APDE) in the Interregional portion of the STIP with no change in programming: each with $5,100K in prior year funding.
(Source: March 2020 CTC Agenda, Item 4.7, 2020 STIP Adopted 3/25/2020)

Lakeport (Route 175) to Upper Lake (Route 20)

Manning Creek Bridge No. 14-0067 (LAK R38.91) / Robinson Creek Bridge No. 14 -0030 (LAK PM 50.82)

In June 2019, the CTC approved the following SHOPP scope amendment: 01-Lak-20 Var 9.4 PPNO 3098 ProjID 0113000122. Route 20 Near Upper Lake, at Polk Jones Cattlepass Bridge No. 14-0034 (PM 9.41) and Morrison Creek Bridge No. 14-0004 (PM 16.81); also, on Route 29 at Manning Creek Bridge No. 14-0067 (PM R38.91). Replace and upgrade bridge rails and widen one bridge. The need to widen Morrison Creek Bridge to provide raised pedestrian sidewalks on both sides requires cultural analysis, resulting in a schedule delay. Transfer the scope and associated cost and performance of this bridge to project EA 0E081/PPNO 01-3130, which has a schedule that aligns with this delay. Adjusted total cost: $3,775K
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Scope Item 7)

In June 2019, the CTC also approved the following SHOPP scope amendment: 01-Lak-29 50.8 PPNO 3130 ProjID 0118000172. Route 29 Near Upper Lake, at Robinson Creek Bridge No. 14 -0030 (PM 50.82); also on Route 175 at Kelsey Creek Bridge No. 14-0044 (PM 19.48); also on Route 20 at Morrison Creek Bridge No. 14-0004 (PM 16.81). Widen bridge and upgrade bridge rails at Robinson Creek Bridge and Morrison Creek Bridge, and replace existing Kelsey Creek Bridge. Remove Morrison Creek Bridge from project EA 0E080/PPNO 01-3098 and add to this project. The need for cultural analysis delayed the Morrison Creek Bridge delivery schedule and it now better aligns with this project. Further cost increases are associated with additional piles, retaining wall, and required environmental mitigation. Updated total cost: $10,833K.
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Scope Item 11)

The 2020 SHOPP, approved in May 2020, included the following Bridge Preservation item of interest (carried over from the 2018 SHOPP): 01-Lake-29 PM 50.8 PPNO 3130 Proj ID 0118000172 EA 0E081. Route 29 near Upper Lake, at Robinson Creek Bridge No. 14-0030 (PM 50.82); also on Route 175 at Kelsey Creek Bridge No. 14-0044 (PM 19.48); also on Route 20 at Morrison Creek Bridge No. 14-0004 (PM 16.81). Widen bridge and upgrade bridge rails at Robinson Creek Bridge and Morrison Creek Bridge, and replace existing Kelsey Creek Bridge. Programmed in FY20-21, with construction scheduled to start in Sept. 2021. Total project cost is $14,076K, with $9,441K being capital (const and right of way) and $4,635K being support (engineering, environmental, etc.),
(Source: 2020 Approved SHOPP a/o May 2020)

Business Routes Business Routes

Naming Naming

Robert MondaviThere was a movement to name parts of Rout 29 after Robert Mondavi. TheNapa News reported in December 2004 that the plan was to put the legendary 91-year-old vintner's name on Route 29 through Napa County (~ NAP 0.000 to NAP 48.557). Sen. Wes Chesbro is sounding out local cities and wine industry groups to find out if they would support dedicating this wine highway to the Napa Valley's most famous winemaker. The Napa County Board of Supervisors has unanimously supported the idea, has have elected city leaders serving on the Napa County Transportation Planning Agency, as long as the wine industry goes along. However, it appears that no resolution was ever introduced to do the official naming.
(Image source: NAIF Blog)

Earle W. WriedenThe portion of this route in Lake County that is between the Napa county line and Route 175 (~ NAP 0.0 to LAK 5.749) is named the "Earle W. Wrieden Memorial Highway". Earle W. Wrieden was born in Middletown, California on February 8, 1910, and, except for one year in Berkeley, lived most of his life in Middletown. He was appointed to the Lake County Board of Supervisors in 1949, where he served for 24 years and where he was instrumental in many changes, advances, and improvements for the people of Middletown, Lake County, and northern California. He was heavily involved in water issues in Lake County, especially relating to Cache Creek and Putah Creek. However, his prime interest was in roads, including securing funds for the construction and maintenance of county roads and facilitating the adoption of highly traveled county roads into the state highway system. Wrieden spearheaded the creation of passing lanes on Route 29 over Mount St. Helena. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 18; Resolution Chapter 80, 7/1/2001.
(Image source: Middletown History)

The interchange of Route 29 and Trancas Road in Napa County (~NAP 13.051) is named the John Castro Memorial Interchange. It was named in memory of John Castro, a life-long resident of the City of Martinez. John Castro contributed to the City of Martinez in many ways, including raising cattle and goats, farming corn and hay, and by helping the less fortunate people. He served two duties in Vietnam, returning home to work serving the public by constructing bridges. In particular, he helped many individual's commute time by working on Route 4 improvements between the City of Martinez and the City of Hercules. He also worked on the Route 29/Trancas Road Project in Napa County in order to tunnel the highway under the wine train in order to avoid traffic delays. It was while completing the overcrossing and railroad transferring on July 3, 2003, that a fatal accident took the life of John Castro at the age of 54. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 68, July 16, 2004, Chapter 119.

The portion of this route in the City of Yountville in the County of Napa from Darms Lane to Yount Mill Road (NAP 16.5 to NAP 21.614) is named the "Veterans’ Memorial Highway". It was named to honor the men and women who have served in the Armed Forces of the United States of America, who have defended our country, and who have suffered disabilities and injuries in protecting the freedom, rights, and privileges enjoyed by all Americans. Nearly two million veterans reside in the State of California, and the County of Napa is home to many of these brave and honorable individuals. Napa Valley residents were some of the first United States military veterans from California, and in 1884 the Veterans’ Home of California, Yountville (Veterans’ Home), in the County of Napa, became the first facility for veterans in the United States;. The Veterans’ Home is home to 1,200 veterans, including men and women who have served in World War II, the Korean and Vietnam wars, the Gulf War, and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Veterans’ Home has grown to be the largest veterans’ home in the United States and is an integral part of the Napa Valley community. The Veterans’ Home provides for the future health care of its resident veterans, including facilities that provide residential care for the elderly, skilled nursing care, and a memory care center for veterans with various forms of dementia. Over its 133 years of operation, the Veterans’ Home has become a focal point for the Napa Valley community with its 1,200 seat Lincoln Theater, a 9-hole golf course, the Borman Field baseball stadium, bowling lanes, a swimming pool, and a military base exchange branch store. All of these facilities are available for use by resident veterans at no additional cost and include a fitness center, a resident-operated television station, an auto hobby shop, a 35,000 volume library, a creative arts center, and a multifaith chapel. Named by ACR 67, Res. Chapter 159, 8/21/2018.

Robert Louis StevensonThe portion of Route 29 from NAP 37.9 to NAP 39.5 in Napa County is named the "Robert Louis Stevenson's Historic Trail to Silverado. " This segment was named to commemorate the history of "Silverado". In the 1850s, volunteers built the Old Bull Trail from what is today the City of Calistoga over Mount St. Helena in Napa County to what is today Middletown in Lake County. Due to grades exceeding 35% along the Old Bull Trail, which prevented wagon travel, the Legislature, in 1866, authorized John Lawley to construct a private toll road to replace most of the Old Bull Trail starting approximately 1.5 miles north of the City of Calistoga. The toll road over Mount St. Helena was completed in 1868 with grades of just 12%. This toll road is still in use today as a public road and is known both as the "Old Toll Road" and as "Lawley Road". In 1872, John Lawley, along with William Montgomery and William Patterson, founded the Monitor Ledge Mine on Mount St. Helena just off the Old Toll Road and later renamed that mine and the surrounding community "Silverado". During one point in its short three-year life, the mining town of Silverado housed over 1,000 people. Many more people came and went during that time in search of fortunes, every one of whom traveled the toll road and the 1.5 mile remnant of the Old Bull Trail that connected that toll road to Calistoga and to the rest of the Napa Valley. In the summer of 1880, a young author, running low on cash, and his new bride left their honeymoon suite in the resort town of Calistoga to become squatters in the mining town of Silverado, which had been abandoned five years earlier. One hundred twenty-five years ago, Robert Louis Stevenson's The Silverado Squatters, a travelogue detailing the young author's trip to Napa Valley, was published for the first time. In The Silverado Squatters, the best-selling author of Treasure Island and Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde introduced the world to the beauty of the Napa Valley and the quality of its wine, famously describing it as "bottled poetry". In a chapter of The Silverado Squatters entitled "Starry Drive," Robert Louis Stevenson recounted the brilliant night sky above the 1.5 mile remnant of the Old Bull Trail as he rambled back to his honeymoon perch one summer evening. Few roads have ever been described so vividly. In 1921, a local farm bureau successfully petitioned the County of Napa to name a series of rough roads and trails running along the eastern spine of the Napa Valley, known collectively as the "Old Back Road," the Silverado Trail after the mining town Robert Louis Stevenson made famous. Although that collection of roads running along Napa Valley's eastern spine ended at Tubbs Lane just north of the Old Toll Road, the County of Napa ended the newly named Silverado Trail 1.5 miles short of the Old Toll Road because the county was making arrangements to turn that 1.5 mile stretch of road over to the state to incorporate it into a new modern highway to be built by Lake County. As a result of Napa County's decision to incorporate this stretch of historic road into a modern highway, the history of this pioneer pathway, Robert Louis Stevenson's "Starry Drive" and the last leg of the trail to Silverado, has been lost until now. That stretch of road predates John Lawley's Old Toll Road, was originally built by California pioneers in the 1850s, shortly after California's statehood, as part of the Old Bull Trail, and is now memorialized by a historical marker in Middletown, Lake County. That stretch of road also predates the City of Calistoga, which was formed in 1867, and Lake County, which was carved out of Napa County in 1861. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 37, Resolution Chapter 93, on 8/20/2010.
(Image source: Wikipedia)

Portions of this are "Lower Lake" Road. (~ LAK 20.349 to LAK 31.034)

Rte 12 Robert Rumflt Memorial HwyThe portion of Route 29 from the intersection of Rout 175 in the City of Lakeport (LAK R40.144) to the 11th Street Undercrossing (LAK R42.677) in the County of Lake is named the "Deputy Sheriff Robert Rumfelt Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Deputy Sheriff Robert Rumfelt, who was born in Napa on December 1966, as the first of three children born to Robert and Juanita Rumfelt. Robert Rumfelt was raised in the County of Lake, where he attended Minnie Cannon Elementary School in Middletown, Burns Valley Elementary School in Clearlake, Oak Hill Elementary School in Lower Lake, and Terrace Middle School in Lakeport, and graduated from Clear Lake High School in Lakeport in 1985. Robert Rumfelt, immediately upon graduation, answered the call to serve his country by enlisting in the United States Marine Corps where he learned honor, courage, and commitment, traits which he carried throughout his life. Robert Rumfelt served with distinction as a United States Marine Corps infantryman assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 4th Marine Division in Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, until he was honorably discharged as a sergeant in 1992. Robert Rumfelt, while enlisted as a United States Marine, was awarded the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon, the Overseas Service Ribbon, the Good Conduct Medal, the Navy Unit Commendation Medal, the National Defense Ribbon, the Southwest Asia Service Medal, the Kuwait Liberation Medal, and the Rifle Sharpshooter Badge. Robert Rumfelt was employed as a seasonal “hotshot/wilderness ranger” with the United States Forest Service in Upper Lake from 1993 to 1994. Robert Rumfelt put himself through the Napa Valley Junior College Police Academy, graduated from the Academy in 1994, and continued his education, earning a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Criminal Justice Management from Union Institute and University in 2004. Robert Rumfelt worked as a police officer for the City of Lakeport in the County of Lake from 1995 to 2009, inclusive, as a patrol officer and K-9 handler. Robert Rumfelt was awarded basic, intermediate, and advanced certificates from the California Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training. From 2006 to 2009, inclusive, Robert Rumfelt took a leave of absence from the Lakeport Police Department to serve as a police advisor to Iraqi law enforcement agencies in Ramadi, Baghdad, Kurdistan, and Mosul. Robert Rumfelt was recognized by United States Army Lieutenant Colonel Kirk C. Dorr as “the most accomplished Law Enforcement Professional in [his] forward-deployed Army Division” after the rescue of a soldier on March 3, 2010, following an improvised explosive device attack on their convoy in which three soldiers were injured. While still in contact with the enemy, Robert, at great personal risk, ran from the last vehicle in the patrol to the front of the convoy, and personally extracted a grievously injured soldier. Due to Robert’s heroic efforts, the soldier was medically evacuated in just enough time for doctors to save his life. Robert Rumfelt was known for having a tough exterior, steel-eyed, penetrating gaze, and a caring, compassionate heart, who would help any friend or stranger in need. Robert Rumfelt was hired as a deputy sheriff for the County of Lake Sheriff’s Office in 2014, and served as a patrol deputy, firearms instructor, field training officer, and gang task force member. Robert Rumfelt dedicated countless hours to mentoring at-risk youth, and coaching the Clear Lake High School football team where he had a lasting impact on the character, development, and maturity of dozens of athletes and countless youth. Robert Rumfelt was known for his direct style of communication in which nobody left a conversation with him wondering what was on Rob’s mind. Robert Rumfelt loved the United States Marine Corps, his law enforcement family, his friends, the Oakland Raiders, hunting with his dogs, scuba diving, skydiving, good rum, and above all, his family. Robert Rumfelt died in the line of duty on August 22, 2017. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 92, Res. Chapter 116, 7/6/2018.
(Image source: Caltrans District 1 Facebook; Lake County Record Bee)

Named Structures Named Structures

George F. ButlerBridge 21-0049, at the Napa River in Napa county (NAP R006.99), is named the "George F. Butler Memorial Bridge". It was built in 1977, and was named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 23, Chapter 48, in 1991. George F. Butler was a CHP officer who was killed in the line of duty at the age of 52. He was flying as an observer in a CHP helicopter that was taking aerial photographs of a double traffic fatality on Interstate 80 near Dixon. After finishing the photographs, the helicopter then set down a short distance from the accident scene in an open field adjacent to an irrigation canal. Butler exited the left side of the aircraft and proceeded to walk up the edge of the canal’s raised berm when he was struck by the helicopter's main rotor and hurled into the empty irrigation canal. The 21-year veteran of the CHP was killed instantly.
(Image source: California Assn of Highway Patrolmen)

Bridge No. 21-0047 on Route 29 at the City of Yountville (NAP 019.04) is officially designated the "Veterans' Home Memorial Bridge". It was built in 1959, and was named by Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 30, Chapter 127, in 1994. It was named after the Veterans Home of California in Yountville CA, which is a community of and for veterans located in the heart of scenic Napa Valley. The home provides residential accommodations and a wealth of recreational, social and therapeutic activities for independent living; plus the added security of five levels of nursing and medical care. Some 1,200 Veterans (both men and women) live at the Home. Veterans desiring to be considered for membership must be residents of California, age 62 or older (or younger if disabled), and have served honorably.

Weatherwax Memorial BridgeBridge 14-0016, the St. Helena Bridge (LAK 006.31), is the "Robert H. "Bob" Weatherwax Memorial Bridge". It was named in memory of Robert H. ‘‘Bob’’ Weatherwax, a resident of Middletown, Lake County for 44 years, who died at the age of 66 in May 1996. During those 44 years, Mr. Weatherwax was appreciated by the entire community as a willing volunteer and contributor in the efforts to develop and construct the Cobb Mountain Elementary School. The Middletown Unified School District recognized him for those efforts with a Certificate of Appreciation in September 1985. Bob Weatherwax assisted in reviving and renewing the Middletown Boosters Club for the Middletown Athletic Program. Mr. Weatherwax’s efforts earned him a Certificate of Recognition in 1991 from Lake County as the Middletown Volunteer Citizen of the Year. Mr. Weatherwax served as a past President of the Middletown Luncheon Club and the Middletown Lions Club, and was a founder of the Middletown Merchants. He donated land for the treatment plant now used by the Callayomi Water District and served as head cook for the spring high school field trips and chaperon for senior field trips, as well as many other unselfish acts of serving the community he loved. Mr. Weatherwax was considered the ‘‘Honorary Mayor’’ of Middletown. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 34, Chapter 71 in1997.
(Image source: Ingress intel)

The bridge located on Route 29 six miles north of Middletown, is named the "Frank and Elly Hartmann Bridge" (Bridge 14-0014, over Putah Creek, LAK 009.74). Named in honor of Frank and Elly Hartmann, who were pioneers in Middletown and the Coyote Valley area. They established and operated the Hartmann Ranch and many significant contributions to Middletown and the Coyote Valley area. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 45, Chapter 52, May 5, 2004.

Exit Information Exit Information

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Scenic Route Scenic Route

[SHC 263.3] From Route 37 near Vallejo to Route 221 near Napa; and from the vicinity of Trancas Street in northwest Napa to Route 20 near Upper Lake.

Classified Landcaped Freeway Classified Landcaped Freeway

The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:

County Route Starting PM Ending PM
Napa 29 10.09 12.49
Napa 29 12.49 13.20

National Trails National Trails

Lincoln Highway Sign According to an article in April 2017, the portion of Route 29 through American Canyon near I-80 was part of the "Lincoln Highway". The somewhat tangled tale of how Napa County belatedly secured a section of the Lincoln Highway has its roots a century ago with a bespectacled man in Indiana named Carl Fisher. Fisher owned the Prest-O-Lite headlight company and helped establish the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. In 1912, he and other auto enthusiasts plotted a transcontinental route from New York’s Times Square to San Francisco’s Lincoln Park. This original, Napa-less coast-to-coast route for the most part stitched together existing roads. A 1916 Lincoln Highway guidebook said motorists should be able to make an enjoyable cross-country trip in 20 to 30 days, as long as rain didn’t bog them down on the unpaved sections. The westernmost section of the original Lincoln Highway went from Sacramento to San Francisco by way of Stockton and the Altamont Pass to avoid water barriers (i.e., former US 50). But in 1916, the completion of the Yolo Causeway west of Sacramento removed one of those barriers. Napans began hoping a more direct route might pass through the city of Napa, where tourists would stop and spend money. By 1923, efforts to create an alternate Lincoln Highway route focused on Vallejo, taking the city of Napa out of the picture. That alternative route became a reality after the Carquinez Bridge was completed in 1927 to take motorists over the Carquinez Strait. This alternative Lincoln Highway segment extends west from Sacramento using the same route as long-gone US 40. It goes through Davis, Vacaville and Fairfield, and then through Jameson Canyon on today’s Route 12, where it enters south Napa County. Until a few years ago, most of this Jameson Canyon section was two lanes and narrow and still had the ambiance of the old Lincoln Highway. Safety and traffic congestion concerns led to the road being widened to a four lanes in 2014. From Jameson Canyon, the Lincoln Highway heads south along what is now Route 29 past the county industrial center and city of American Canyon. Then, at American Canyon Road, it swings up to Broadway Street and heads past today’s Veterans Memorial Park to enter Vallejo and Solano County. Some in the Lincoln Highway Associate dispute that the alternate Lincoln Highway route through Yolo, Solano and Napa counties is legitimate. But Kinst said Gail Hoag, an official with the Lincoln Highway Association, in 1928 authorized Boy Scouts to erect markers along it. Napa County’s moment of Lincoln Highway sun soon faded, for all practical purposes. The state in 1933 began building a new US 40 route that went through the hills between Fairfield and Vallejo, creating a much more direct route than the local Lincoln Highway. That route became today’s I-80.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 4/1/2017)

Freeway Freeway

[SHC 253.3] From Route 80 near Vallejo to Oak Knoll Avenue north of the City of Napa; and from the Napa-Lake county line to Route 20. The portion from Route 121 to north of Napa and from Route 175 to north of Lakeport is constructed to freeway standards.

As for the timing of the additions to the F&E system, the 1959 statutes used the older route numbers, so it is harder to follow given a route as disjointed as this. It is clear that the 1959 Chapter 1062 defined the portion between Vallejo and Route 221 S of Napa, and the portion from Napa to Upper Lake as part of the F&E system. By 1963, all of the original definition of Route 29 was considered Freeway and Expressway. Chapter 998 in 1971 deleted the segment from Oak Knoll Avenue to the Napa-Lake County Line from the Freeway and Expressway system.

On 7/18/1974, the freeway routing between Yountville and Calistoga was rescinced, per CHC Resolution HRU 74.3:

the California Highway Commission, by resolutions dated September 20, 1955, September 27, 1960 and July 22, 1953 established a freeway location on State Highway Route 29 in Napa County from 1 mile south of Yountville to Calistoga and;

the Legislature at its 1971 Session deleted from the California Freeway and Expressway System the unconstructed portion of Route 29 from 1 mile north of' Yountville to 3 miles south of Calistoga; now, therefore

BE IT RESOLVED, that the California Highway Commission declares that the presently maintained location between 1 mile north of Yountville and 3 miles south of Calistoga shall be the only established location for Route 29; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Department of Transportation is directed and authorized to dispose of rights of way previously acquired for freeway purposes on said segment of Route 29 from 1 mile north of Yountville to 3 miles south of Calistoga.

In 1984, a new freeway bypass was created in Napa, and with the changes involved with the redefinition of Route 121 and Route 221, the portion from Route 221 S of Napa to Route 121 in Napa was added (Chapter 409).

Interregional Route Interregional Route

[SHC 164.11] Entire route.

Statistics Statistics

Overall statistics for Route 29:

Pre-1964 Legislative Route Pre-1964 Legislative Route

The route that would become LRN 29 was originally defined in the 1909 First Bond Act running from Red Bluff to Susanville. In 1919, the Third Bond Act extended the route from Susanville to the Nevada State Line. In 1933, it was extended further, from [LRN 35] to [LRN 3] near Red Bluff. It was codified in the 1935 state highway code as:

  1. Red Bluff to the Nevada State Line via Susanville
  2. [LRN 35] to [LRN 3] near Red Bluff

This was primary state highway from Red Bluff to Susanville.

This definition remained until the 1964 signed/legislative route alignment. Signage was as follows:

  1. From Red Bluff to the Nevada line via Susanville.

    This was signed as Route 36 between Red Bluff and Susanville.

    LRN 29 was signed as US 395 between Susanville and the Nevada border (it was briefly cosigned with Alt US 40 from 6 mi E of Chilcoot to the Nevada border).

  2. From LRN 35 to LRN 3 near Red Bluff.

    This was signed as Route 36, and ran from the present day Route 3/Route 36 junction (LRN 35) to US 99 (LRN 3).


Acronyms and Explanations:


Back Arrow Route 28 Forward Arrow Route 30

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Maintained by: Daniel P. Faigin <webmaster@cahighways.org>.